How The Ballots Are Counted

The count begins with the sorting of ballots by the first preference shown--the NUMBER 1 vote. This is generally known as the "First Count".

Any candidates who reach the necessary quota with Number 1 votes are declared elected. Any extra ballots they receive beyond the quota, referred to as the "surplus," are redistributed to the candidates marked next in preference on those surplus ballots according to the "Cincinatti Method."

After the surplus is redistributed, the count continues with the elimination of those candidates who received fewer than fifty votes in the first count. Their ballots are redistributed to the remaining unelected candidates according to the next preference marked.

After each distribution, the candidate now having the lowest number of votes is eliminated and his/her ballots are redistributed to the next indicated preference among the remaining unelected candidates.

As candidates "reach quota" through the addition of redistributed ballots to their totals, they are declared elected and no further ballots are transferred to them.

This process continues until all candidates have been eliminated except the nine winners.

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Last updated on July 18, 1995