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Function APPEND


append &rest lists => result

Arguments and Values:

list---each must be a proper list except the last, which may be any object.

result---an object. This will be a list unless the last list was not a list and all preceding lists were null.


append returns a new list that is the concatenation of the copies. lists are left unchanged; the list structure of each of lists except the last is copied. The last argument is not copied; it becomes the cdr of the final dotted pair of the concatenation of the preceding lists, or is returned directly if there are no preceding non-empty lists.


 (append '(a b c) '(d e f) '() '(g)) =>  (A B C D E F G)
 (append '(a b c) 'd) =>  (A B C . D)
 (setq lst '(a b c)) =>  (A B C)
 (append lst '(d)) =>  (A B C D)
 lst =>  (A B C)
 (append) =>  NIL
 (append 'a) =>  A

Affected By: None.

Exceptional Situations: None.

See Also:

nconc, concatenate

Notes: None.

The following X3J13 cleanup issue, not part of the specification, applies to this section:

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