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4.2.2 Type Relationships

* The types cons, symbol, array, number, character, hash-table, function, readtable, package, pathname, stream, random-state, condition, restart, and any single other type created by defstruct, define-condition, or defclass are pairwise disjoint, except for type relations explicitly established by specifying superclasses in defclass or define-condition or the :include option of destruct.

* Any two types created by defstruct are disjoint unless one is a supertype of the other by virtue of the defstruct :include option.

* Any two distinct classes created by defclass or define-condition are disjoint unless they have a common subclass or one class is a subclass of the other.

* An implementation may be extended to add other subtype relationships between the specified types, as long as they do not violate the type relationships and disjointness requirements specified here. An implementation may define additional types that are subtypes or supertypes of any specified types, as long as each additional type is a subtype of type t and a supertype of type nil and the disjointness requirements are not violated.

At the discretion of the implementation, either standard-object or structure-object might appear in any class precedence list for a system class that does not already specify either standard-object or structure-object. If it does, it must precede the class t and follow all other standardized classes.

The following X3J13 cleanup issues, not part of the specification, apply to this section:

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